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Sudanese Tribes

الكاتب: موسوعة النيل Nilopedia الرقم المرجعي: AA-00206 مشاهدات: 6263 أنشيء: 2013-03-08 13:57 آخر تحديث: 2017-01-05 08:42 100 التقدير/ 1 الأصوات

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Sudanese tribes

Sudan 's advantageous geographic location has made it the recipient to the migrations of many people of different ethnic origins. This led some writers to call it (Mini- Africa). According to the 1995 census, the population of  Sudan is 26.6 million people. Annual population growth is 2.8%. Anthropologists and social scientists had identified more than a hundred languages and dialects that are used by the Sudanese. This encompassed more than fifty ethnic groups and six hundred tribe. In addition to common boundaries,  Sudan is bound by complex racial and ethnic links to the countries of the region. Throughout the centuries, groups of people and whole tribes crossed freely into the  territory of  Sudan , where they intermingled and culturally blended with the native population. In this respect, Islam played a pivotal role in consolidating tribal unions and kingdoms, eventually creating the so called Sudanese nation in the early sixteenth century. Today, the main tribal divisions in  Northern Sudan comprise:

  1. The Baraabra (Nubian) tribes of the northern  Nile valley, still maintaining the derivatives of their original Kushite language;
  2. The Hadendawa, Bishariyiin and Bani Amer of the Red Sea Hills, speaking their own Hamitic and Semitic languages;
  3. A central mass of "Arab" tribes, occupying the entire central belt of  Sudan , including the Kababish, Kawahla, Ja'aliyin,the various Baggara pastoral tribes, etc.
  4. Descendants of earlier peoples, such as the Nuba, Fur and lngessana , predominantly still speaking their own language, together with Arabic.

The language that unites the whole of northern  Sudan is Arabic, but even this has many considerable dialectic variations.  Southern Sudan , i.e. the territory south of 10 degrees latitude, has always been isolated from external influences by climatic and geographical barriers. Negroid people, speaking a large number of different languages and dialects, some of which are limited to very small populations, inhabit it. These are classified as follows:

  1. Sudanic, composed of the various tribal clusters west of the  Nile , including the Azande and Moru-Madi;
  2. Nilotic tribes, which inhabit the river valley and swamps, such as Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk and Asholi;
  3. The Nilo-Hamitic tribes of the southern Nile valley, such as  Bari and Lotuka. English, as well as rudimentary Arabic, serve as lingua franca.

Many of the tribes have more or less close affinities with the tribes found in Abyssinia , Kenya ,Uganda and  Congo .  Southern Sudan , i.e. the territory south of 10 degrees latitude, has always been isolated from external influences by climatic and geographical barriers. Negroid people, speaking a large number of different languages and dialects, some of which are limited to very small-populations, inhabit it. These are Classified as follows:

  1. Sudanic, composed of the various tribal clusters west of the  Nile , including the Azande and Moru-Madi;
  2. Nilotic tribes, which inhabit the river valley and swamps, such as Dinka, Nuer, Shilitfi ,and Asholi;
  3. The Nilo-Hamitic tribes of the southern Nile valley, such as  Bari and Lotuka. Speak English, as well as rudimentary Arabic, serve as lingua franca. Many of the tribes have more or less close affinities with the tribes found in Abyssinia , Kenya , Uganda and Congo .

Extracted from Sudan Embassy in  UK Websites


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